Wheel Alignment

Get the Most From Your Tires

Camber

Camber is the amount of inward or outward tilt at the top of the vertical centerline of the wheel. Performing a wheel alignment will first determine the camber measurement (in degrees). Technicians determine if measurements are within specifications. If not parts must be replaced.

Excessive camber (negative or positive) may cause the vehicle to pull to one side or the other. It will also cause rapid tire wear to either the inner or outer tread.

Toe

Toe is the measurement of the relationship between the front of the wheels to the rear of the wheels when viewed from above. Performing a wheel alignment will first determine the toe measurement (in inches). Technicians determine if the measurement is within specifications. If not, a toe adjustment will be made. When toe is out of specification, tire life is shortened and the vehicle may track improperly and cause tire wear.

Caster

Caster is the tilting of the front steering axis, either forward or backward from vertical, as viewed from the side of the vehicle. Performing a wheel alignment will first determine the caster measurement (in degrees). Technicians will determine if the measurement is within specifications. If not parts must be replaced.

Negative caster causes high-speed instability and poor directional stability such as wandering. Positive caster causes hard steering, excessive road shock, and shimmy/vibration through the steering wheel. Uneven caster may cause the vehicle to pull to one side or
the other.